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Inquiry into Rural Road Safety and Infrastructure

 

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Endnotes

1 Structures include bridges, major culverts and overhead features such as sign gantries and pedestrian overpasses.

2 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, p. 103.

3 VicRoads, submission, pp. 4-5.

1 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, p. 4.

2 ibid., p. 70.

3 In pre-decimal days sealed road surfaces were typically 12, 16, 18, 20, 22 or 24 feet wide. 6.2 metres is equivalent to 20.3 feet so the VicRoads data regards 20 feet as narrow.

4 VicRoads, submission, p. 71.

5 ibid.

6 Measured in tonne kilometres.

7 VicRoads, submission, p.3.

8 National Road Transport Commission, Mass Limits Review, 1996.

9 VicRoads, submission, p. 13.

10 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Motor Vehicle Usage Surveys.

11 VicRoads, Victoria's Bridges, 1995.

12 VicRoads, submission, p. 76.

13 VicRoads, submission, Appendix 17, pp. 121-124.

14 National Association of Australian State Road Authorities (now Austroads), NAASRA Roads Study, 1984.

15 ibid.

16 VicRoads, Annual Report 1999-2000, pp. 66-67.

17 Road lengths collected annually by Victoria Grants Commission. For summaries see the Australian Bureau of Statistics Local Government Finance publications.

18 VicRoads, submission, p. 66.

19 Linking Victoria is now a logo used for the signage of a number of transport projects. The Victorian Government now refers to the 1995 document by its secondary title of Victoria's rural arterial road strategy.

20 VicRoads, submission, Appendix 12, p. 115.

21 VicRoads, submission, p. 72.

22 ibid., p. 71.

23 ibid., p. 73.

24 ibid., p. 75.

25 VicRoads, Goulburn Valley Highway Strategy, July 1993, p. 12.

26 The Murchison East section.

27 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria Ltd, Submission to the Inquiry, June 2000, p. 15.

28 ibid., p. 4.

29 The municipalities included Baw Baw, Indigo, Moyne, Mount Alexander and Pyrenees Shires.

1 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, p. 4; Shire of Surf Coast, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 July 2000, p. 2.

2 Shire of Surf Coast, submission, p. 2.

3 The Transport Act 1983 created the Road Construction Authority, the Road Traffic Authority and two public transport authorities. In 1989 the two road agencies were merged to form Roads Corporation (which trades as VicRoads).

4 Shire of Surf Coast, op. cit.

5 VicRoads, submission, p. 6.

6 Territories means the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

7 VicRoads, submission, pp. 6-7.

8 ibid.

9 The section of the Calder Highway declared as a RONI is from the Tullamarine Freeway to the New South Wales border near Yelta, while on the Princes Highway West the RONI is from the Corio Overpass north east of Geelong to the Western Ring Road. (VicRoads, submission, p. 7)

10 For example, the Carlsruhe duplication project, which eventually received Federal Government funding in the May 2001 Budget.

11 National Office of Local Government, 1999-2000 Report on the Operation of the Local Government (Financial Assistance) Act 1995, 2001, p. 16.

12 VicRoads, submission, p. 9.

13 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

14 National Office of Local Government, op. cit., p. 91.

15 Victoria Grants Commission, correspondence, 18 July 2001 (email).

16 Further details are available on the Department of Transport and Regional Services internet site http://www.dotrs.gov.au/land/road/r2r/roads-to-recovery.htm

17 VicRoads, submission, p. 8.

18 VicRoads, Annual Report 1999-2000, p. 72 and Annual Report 2000-2001, p. 83.

19 VicRoads, submission, p. 9.

20 Victoria, State Taxation Acts (Further Amendment) Act 1997, s.4 (2) (b).

21 VicRoads, Annual Report 1999-2000, p. 71.

22 VicRoads, Program Development Guidelines 2000-01.

23 Institution of Engineers Australia, 2000 Infrastructure Report Card, 2001.

24 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Local Government Finance 1999-2000, Cat No. 5501.2, 2001.

25 Department of Infrastructure, Local Government Branch, Victoria, Local Government Infrastructure Study Report Facing the Renewal Challenge, 1998, p. 39.

26 ibid., p. 13.

27 National Office of Local Government, 1999-2000 Report on the Operation of the Local Government (Financial Assistance) Act 1995, 2001, p. 70.

28 Facing the Renewal Challenge, p. 77.

29 Australian Local Government Association, Transport Bulletin, July 2001.

30 The Transport Workers Union, Swan Hill Rural City, and Hindmarsh Shire submissions all expressed concerns about road funding.

31 City of Greater Shepparton, Submission to the Inquiry, July 2000, p. 3.

32 Minutes of Evidence, p. 368.

33 Shire of Moyne, Submission to the Inquiry, 18 July 2000, p. 4.

34 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, June 2000, p. 33.

35 National Association of Australian State Road Authorities (now Austroads), NAASRA Road Study, Final report and other associated reports, 1984. The Victorian results were also separately published by the then Road Construction Authority.

36 Bureau of Transport Economics, Adequacy of Transport Infrastructure: Intercity Roads, Working Paper 14.1, 1994, etc.

37 Bureau of Transport Economics, Roads 2020, Working Paper 35, 1997.

38 VicRoads, submission, p. 80.

39 Municipal Association of Victoria, Economic and Financial Challenges for Small Rural Councils, Prepared by Milbur Ltd, January 2000.

40 Shire of Moyne, submission, p. 4.

41 VicRoads, Program Development Guidelines 2002-2003, p. 15.

42 Shire of Golden Plains, Submission to the Inquiry, 8 August 2000.

43 Minutes of Evidence, p. 190.

44 Shire of Colac-Otway, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 July 2000, p. 3.

45 Minutes of Evidence, p. 176.

46 For example, semi-trailers previously allowed to carry 42.5 tonne are able to carry 45.5 tonne, while B-doubles, previously restricted to 62.5 tonne, can carry 68 tonne.

47 Hon. John Anderson MP, Minister for Transport and Regional Services, Media Release A9-2001, 12 January 2001.

48 VicRoads, National Roads in Victoria Forward Strategy 2000-01 to 2004-05, p. 15.

49 VicRoads, submission, p. 82.

50 VicRoads, Annual Report 2000-2001, p. 8.

51 Hon. John Anderson MP, Minister for Transport and Regional Services, Media Release A39/2000, 6 March 2000.

52 Minutes of Evidence, p. 539.

53 ibid.

54 The term used by the ALGA for this group was Regional Infrastructure Groups (RIGs).

55 Australian Local Government Association, Moree Rural Road Funding Report, Report of Steering Committee chaired by Mr Ted Butcher, February 2001.

56 Institution of Engineers, Australia, 2000 Infrastructure Report Card, 2001, p. 6.

57 This was outlined in one of the attachments to the Moree Rural Road Funding Report.

58 M. Lay, The Way Forward, Presentation to Mildura Rural Roads Congress, March 2001.

59 Minutes of Evidence, p. 149.

60 ibid.

61 Austroads, Roadfacts 2000, p. 23.

62 City of Greater Bendigo, Submission to the Inquiry, 18 July 2000 and Shire of Moyne submission, p. 7.

63 National Office of Local Government, op.cit., p. 17.

64 Minutes of Evidence, p. 363.

65 City of Ballarat, Submission to the Inquiry, 8 November 2000, p. 14.

66 ROADS magazine, June/July 2001 edition, p. 4.

67 VicRoads, correspondence, 27 June 2001, quoting opinion from law firm Phillips Fox.

68 ibid., Phillips Fox legal opinion, p. 3.

69 ROADS magazine, op. cit.

1 The CRASHSTATS database is accessible at the VicRoads Internet site. See http://www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/road_safe/index.htm

2 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, June 2000, Appendix B, pp. 43-54.

3 For example, see the diagrams in VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, pp. 25-28.

4 RMIT University, Transport Research Centre, Victorian Activity Travel Survey (VATS).

5 VicRoads, submission, pp. 13-14.

6 ibid., p. 15.

7 ibid.

8 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, pp. 10-11.

9 VicRoads, submission, p.16.

10 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

11 VicRoads, submission, p. 18.

12 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

13 ibid.

14 VicRoads, submission, pp. 19-21.

15 VicRoads, submission, Figure 14, p. 21.

16 The default speed limit in all built-up areas was reduced from 60 km/h to 50 km/h on 22 January 2001.

17 VicRoads, submission, p. 20.

18 Unpaved roads comprise both those with an earth formation to drain water away and those which have just a natural surface.

19 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 49.

20 ibid.

21 VicRoads, submission, Fig. 15, p. 22.

22 ibid.

23 VicRoads, submission, p. 27.

24 ibid., p. 76.

25 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 15.

26 VicRoads, submission, p. 28.

27 ibid.

28 ibid., p. 22.

29 ibid., p. 23.

30 ibid. The serious injury figure is from the RACV submission, p. 47.

31 VicRoads, submission, p. 24.

32 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 47.

33 VicRoads, submission, p. 24.

34 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, pp. 45-48.

35 ibid., p. 46.

36 VicRoads, submission, p. 25.

37 ibid., p. 26.

38 ibid.

39 ibid., p. 29.

40 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

41 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 10.

42 Transport Accident Commission, Submission to the Inquiry, 28 June 2000, p. 1.

43 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

44 Bureau of Transport Economics, Road Crash Costs in Australia, Report 102, May 2000.

45 City of Ballarat, Submission to the Inquiry, 8 November 2000, p. 15.

46 Shire of Moira, Presentation at Public Hearing, 2 August 2001.

47 Alternatively, as the source of the data is VicRoads, it may be more efficient for them to calculate and distribute the results to municipalities.

48 Transport Accident Commission, submission, p. 3.

1 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, p. 54.

2 Bureau of Transport and Communications Economics, Evaluation of the Black Spot Program, Report 90, 1995.

3 VicRoads, submission, p. 55.

4 ibid., pp. 59-60.

5 Bureau of Transport Economics, The black spot program 1996-2002: an evaluation of the first three years, Report 104, August 2001; and http://www.dotrs.gov.au/bte/docs/r104summ.htm#Top

6 National Party of Australia, media release, 22 November 2001. ( http://www.nationalparty.org/newsroom/anderson_j-2001-10-22-speech.htm)

7 VicRoads, submission, p. 60.

8 VicRoads, submission, Table 17, p. 54.

9 VicRoads, $240m Statewide Blackspot Program - Program Guidelines brochure.

10 VicRoads, submission, p. 55.

11 ibid.

12 ibid. The original source was Corben, B, Newstead, S, Diamantopoulou, K, and Cameron, M, Results of an evaluation of TAC funded accident blackspot treatments (unpublished), Monash University Accident Research Centre, 1996.

13 VicRoads, submission, p. 55. The report was: Vulcan, P & Corben, B, Prediction of Australian Road Fatalities for the Year 2010, 1998.

14 VicRoads, submission, p. 55.

15 ibid., p. 58.

16 ibid.

17 VicRoads, Guidelines for Potential Blackspots (August 2001).

18 VicRoads, submission, p. 93.

19 Municipal Association of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, 30 June 2000, p. 8.

20 Australian Automobile Association, Motoring Directions, Issue 2/01, 2001, p. 14.

21 The Victorian Statewide program alone totals $240m over 4 years, whereas the proposed Federal program for 2002-2006 is only $180m nationwide.

22 Surf Coast Shire, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 July 2000, p. 6.

23 City of Greater Geelong, Submission to the Inquiry, 18 July 2000, p. 4.

24 Minutes of Evidence, p. 584.

25 Victoria Police Accident Report Form (VP Form 510).

26 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2000.

27 Minutes of Evidence, p. 126.

28 P. Daly, Safety Systems for Road Infrastructure - are we doing all we should be?, 6th Institute of Transportation Engineers International Conference, Melbourne, September 1999, p. 11.

29 D. Andreassen, Crash Costs - 2001: Costs by Accident -type, Data Capture and Analysis, p. 8.

30 ibid.

31 State Coroner, Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, 29 March 2000, p. 12.

32 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Safety Strategies for Rural Roads, 1999, pp. 63-65.

1 Municipal Association of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, 30 June 2000, p. 4 quoted a Survey of Community Attitudes towards Local Councils, International Best Practice Research, 1999.

2 Australian Local Government Association, Moree Rural Road Funding Report, February 2001, p. 6.

3 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, pp. 31-34.

4 ibid., p. 35.

5 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, Linking Victoria - RACV Members Perspectives, April 1995.

6 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, June 2000, p. 7.

7 ibid., p. 8.

8 Institution of Engineers Australia, Infrastructure Report Card 2000, 2001.

9 ibid.

10 Minutes of Evidence, pp. 245-6; Shire of Buloke, Submission to the Inquiry, 6 December 2000, p. 2.

11 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

12 Travelling at 50 km/h instead of 60 km/h over 500 metres increases travel time by only 6 seconds.

13 Minutes of Evidence, p. 78.

14 Minutes of Evidence, pp. 108 & 200.

15 State Coroner, Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, 29 March 2000.

16 VicRoads, submission, p. 65.

17 Parliamentary Road Safety Committee, Inquiry into the Incidence and Prevention of Pedestrian Accidents, June 1999, Recommendation 4.

18 Victoria, Government Response to The Report of the Road Safety Committee on the Incidence and Prevention of Pedestrian Accidents, May 2000, p. 4.

19 Shire of Mitchell, Submission to the Inquiry, 13 February 2001, p. 2.

20 ibid., p. 3.

21 Minutes of Evidence, pp. 315-6.

22 Victoria, Government Response, op. cit., pp. 4-5.

23 Shire of Mitchell, submission, p. 1.

24 Shire of Loddon, Submission to the Inquiry, 7 July 2000, p. 1.

25 ibid.

26 Cr B. Rinaldi, Mayor, Central Goldfields Shire Council, Minutes of Evidence, p. 334.

27 Minutes of Evidence, pp. 233 & 326.

28 City of Latrobe, Submission to the Inquiry, 20 February 2001, p. 2; Minutes of Evidence, p. 426.

29 Department of Infrastructure Internet site: www.doi.vic.gov.au., Regional Fast Rail.

30 Parliament of Australia, Standing Committee on Communications, Transport and the Arts, Tracking Australia. An inquiry into the role of rail in the national transport network, July 1998 and Back on Track. A Review of progress in rail reform, May 2001.

31 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

32 Minutes of Evidence, p. 241.

33 VicRoads, Stitch in Time - Five years of successful road maintenance in Victoria, 1998.

34 VicRoads, Annual Report 2000-2001, pp. 78-79.

35 VicRoads, Victoria's Road Safety Strategy 2002-2007, 2001, p. 7.

36 VicRoads, submission, p. 69.

37 ibid.

38 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 14.

39 B. Bui, An Evaluation of Safety Effects of Sealed Shoulders on Rural Victorian Highways, VicRoads Report GR/01/03, December 2000.

40 VicRoads, submission, Appendix 14, p. 117.

41 VicRoads, Victoria's Road Safety Strategy 2002-2007, 2001, p. 7.

42 Kyneton Cycling Club, Submission to the Inquiry, November 2000.

43 Minutes of Evidence, p. 78.

44 Shire of Strathbogie, Submission to the Inquiry, 20 July 2000, p. 2.

45 Shire of Hepburn, Submission to the Inquiry, 30 June 2000, pp. 1-2.

46 Minutes of Evidence, p. 273.

47 Minutes of Evidence, p. 138.

48 Cr G. Matthews, Murrindindi Shire Council, Minutes of Evidence, p. 158.

49 C. Kloeden, A. McLean, M. Baldock and A. Cockington, Severe and Fatal Car Crashes due to Roadside Hazards, NHMRC Accident Research Unit, University of Adelaide, May 1999.

50 VicRoads, submission, p. 63.

51 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 14.

52 VicRoads, submission, p. 63.

53 Parliament of Victoria, Legislative Assembly, Hansard, 28 November 2001, p. 2059.

54 Details of some of the safety and operational improvements proposed on the Geelong Road are given in the VicRoads submission, p. 90.

55 VicRoads, submission, p. 63.

56 ibid., p. 74.

57 Mr P. Squires, Manager, Engineering Services, Shire of Strathbogie, Minutes of Evidence, p.142.

58 VicRoads, Victoria's Road Safety Strategy 2002-2007, 2001, p. 7.

59 Transport Accident Commission, Submission to the Inquiry, 28 June 2000, p. 5.

60 Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Tests with a cable barrier between carriageways, Research News item of 21 December 1999 on Internet site: http://www.vti.se/info/fonyhet/edetalj.asp?RecID=630&Lang=E

61 Personal correspondence from Mr B. Corben, Monash University Accident Research Centre.

62 Transport Accident Commission, submission, p. 5.

63 VicRoads, submission, pp. 76-79.

64 East Gippsland Community Road Safety Council Inc, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 June 2000, p. 1.

65 Shire of Loddon, notes presented at public hearing at Bendigo, 13 February 2001, p. 1.

66 Mr S. Walsh, Director, Planning and Infrastructure, Gannawarra Shire Council, Minutes of Evidence, p. 235.

67 Minutes of Evidence, p. 89.

68 Minutes of Evidence, p. 98.

69 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 15.

70 Mildura Rural City Council, Submission to the Inquiry, 25 July 2000, Report on Channel Bridges.

71 VicRoads, ibid., pp. 78-79.

72 VicRoads, ibid., p. 79.

73 VicRoads, ibid., p. 28.

74 VicRoads, ibid., p. 76.

75 VicRoads, ibid., p.124.

76 Mr J. Blackie, Manager, Technical Services, Buloke Shire Council, Minutes of Evidence, p. 243; also Shire of Loddon, Submission to the Inquiry, 7 July 2000, p. 1.

77 Minutes of Evidence, p. 60.

78 City of Greater Shepparton, Submission to the Inquiry, July 2000, p. 5.

79 Minutes of Evidence, p. 123.

80 City of Greater Shepparton, submission, p. 5.

81 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

82 Minutes of Evidence, p. 138.

83 VicRoads correspondence, 20 August 2001.

84 Minutes of Evidence, p. 136. ABS means Automatic Braking System, which prevents wheels locking under heavy braking and enables the driver to better maintain control of steering.

85 Minutes of Evidence, p. 419.

86 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, pp. 13-14.

87 Minutes of Evidence, p. 201.

88 Minutes of Evidence, p. 138.

89 Ms H. Bath, Submission to the Inquiry, 13 August 2001.

90 Kloeden et al, op cit., p. 63.

91 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Safety Strategies for Rural Roads, 1999, p. 63.

92 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 16.

93 ibid., pp. 16-17.

94 City of Warrnambool, Submission to the Inquiry, 18 July 2000, p. 2.

95 Minutes of Evidence, p. 40.

96 Roadsafe Western District, Submission to the Inquiry, 28 June 2000, p. 1.

97 Minutes of Evidence, p. 97.

98 Minutes of Evidence, p. 408.

99 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Safety Strategies for Rural Roads, 1999, p. 65. The US report was: Transportation Research Board, Designing Safer Roads: Practices for Resurfacing, Restoration and Rehabilitation, 1987.

100 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 49. 19% of rural crashes.

101 VicRoads, submission, p. 75.

102 ibid.

103 Minutes of Evidence, p. 307.

104 Commonwealth of Australia, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport, Communication and the Arts, Burning the Midnight Oil. Managing Fatigue in Transport, 1999.

105 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

106 VicRoads, submission, p. 70.

107 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

108 Cr B. Aitken, Minutes of Evidence p. 47.

109 Shire of Indigo, Submission to the Inquiry, 31 July 2000, p. 1.

110 City of Greater Shepparton, submission, p. 6.

111 The Australian Transport Council comprises the Federal and State Ministers for roads and transport-related matters. New Zealand is also represented, as is an observer from the Australian Local Government Association.

112 Australian Transport Council, Media Release, 25 May 2001.

113 Minutes of Evidence, p. 105.

114 VicRoads, submission, pp. 60-61.

115 ibid., p. 61.

116 C3 Trans-Systems LLC, Minnesota, USA, Low Cost Highway Rail Intersection Warning System brochure, 2001.

117 VicRoads, submission, Table 15, p. 34.

118 VicRoads, submission, p. 69.

119 ibid., p. 70.

120 ibid.

121 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

122 Australian Transport Safety Bureau, Road Fatalities Australia, November 2001, p. 8.

123 Swan Hill Rural City Council, Submission to the Inquiry, 27 June 2000, p.1; City of Wodonga, Submission to the Inquiry, 21 June 2000, pp. 2-3.

124 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Safety Strategies for Rural Roads, 1999, p. 65.

125 VicRoads, submission, p. 85.

126 Goulburn Valley Community Road Safety Council, Submission to the Inquiry, 2 August 2000, p. 2.

127 Surf Coast Shire, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 July 2000, p. 4.

128 Minutes of Evidence, p. 29.

129 Mr D. Owen, Manager Assets and Forward Planning, Moyne Shire Council, Minutes of Evidence, p. 23.

130 Mr C. Jordan, Chief Executive, VicRoads, Minutes of Evidence, p. 589 and VicRoads correspondence, 20 August 2001.

131 Surf Coast Shire, submission, p. 4.

132 There are some examples on the Great Ocean Road.

133 Goulburn Valley Community Road Safety Council, submission, p. 1.

134 VicRoads Internet site: www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/, Managing Victoria's Roads, Major Road Projects, Calder Freeway - Woodend Bypass.

135 Goulburn Valley Community Road Safety Council, submission, p. 2.

1 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Safety Strategies for Rural Roads, 1999, p. 131.

2 ibid., p. 30.

3 Australian Transport Council, The National Road Safety Strategy 2000-2010, 2000; VicRoads, Victoria's Road Safety Strategy 2002-2007, 2001.

4 In April 1995 the National Road Trauma Advisory Council conducted a Focus for the Future seminar at Wodonga. The paper and outcome were presented in a report Towards an Action Plan for Rural Road Safety published by the Federal Office of Road Safety. Subsequently Australia's Rural Road Safety Action Plan was published by the National Road Safety Strategy Implementation Task Force in June 1996.

5 VicRoads, Submission to the Inquiry, August 2000, pp. 51-52.

6 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, June 2000, p. 26.

7 Municipal Association of Victoria, Submission to the Inquiry, 30 June 2000, p. 7.

8 City of Latrobe, correspondence, 3 July 2001.

9 Minutes of Evidence, p. 201.

10 VicRoads, correspondence, 20 August 2001.

11 ibid.

12 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 19.

13 VicRoads, submission, p. 61.

14 P. Jordan, Prevention is Better than Cure: Putting Road Safety Audits to Work in Local Government, NSW Local Government Road Safety Conference, 2001, p. 47.

15 VicRoads, submission, p. 62.

16 Austroads, Road Safety Audit, Report AP-30/94, 1994.

17 Austroads, Road Safety Audit Guide (2nd Edition), Report AP-G34/01, 2001.

18 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 19.

19 P. Jordan, op. cit., p. 50.

20 ibid.

21 Borough of Queenscliffe, Submission to the Inquiry, 19 July 2000, p. 2.

22 Minutes of Evidence, p. 65.

23 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria, submission, p. 19.

24 Safety reviews have sometimes also been called network audits.

25 Roadsafe Western District, Submission to the Inquiry, 28 June 2000, p. 3.

26 Parliament of Queensland, TravelSafe Committee, Rural Road Safety in Queensland - Interim findings, August 2001, p. 6.

27 ibid., p. 7.

28 High Court of Australia, Judgement on Brodie and Ghantous, 30 June 2001.

29 Daly, P, Morgan, C and Jordan, P, Is local government addressing the implementation issues in road safety audit? Australian Road Research Board 1998 Conference, p. 170.

30 Shire of Mount Alexander, Submission to the Inquiry, April 2000, p. 3.

31 Shire of Yarriambiack, Submission to the Inquiry, 30 June 2000, Road Hierarchy attachment, p. 4.

32 ARRB Transport Research Ltd, Road classifications, geometric designs and maintenance standards for low volume roads, Report ARR 354, 2001.

33 VicRoads, submission, pp. 40-41.

34 ibid., p. 62.

35 ibid., p. 93. Recommendation 1.5.

36 VicRoads, Draft Safer Urban Environments Road Safety and Land Use Planning Guide, 2001.

 

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