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1870 Saturday, April 9

Sir James McCulloch assumed office for his third term as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, John Alexander MacPherson, retired from office, having served 202 days.

1870 Monday, June 27

Royal Commission on noxious trades, etc. established.

1870 Friday, July 8

Victorian Parliament voted to abolish State aid to religion, phasing out payments over the next five years, to cease by 1875.

1870 Monday, August 1

Royal Commission appointed to enquire into the conditions and management of the charitable institutions of the Colony, and generally into all matters connected therewith.

1870 Monday, August 8

Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the state of the Public Service and working of the Civil Service Act.

1870 Tuesday, August 9

Melbourne Town Hall was opened.

1870 Friday, August 26

Royal Commission on intercolonial legislation and a Court of Appeal established.

1870 Monday, August 29

Royal Commission appointed to consider and report upon the necessity of a Federal Union of the Australian Colonies for legislative purposes and the best means of accomplishing such a Union.

1870 Monday, October 3

Royal Commission into the necessity of a Federal Union of the Australian Colonies for legislative purposes and the best means of accomplishing such a Union presented its final report to Parliament.

1870 Thursday, October 27

The Hon. Sir William Henry Fancourt Mitchell became Victoria's second President of the Legislative Council.

1870 Wednesday, December 21

Victorian MPs voted to be paid 300 pounds a year after a bill passed through the Legislative Council allowing for a three year trial period of such payment.

1870 Thursday, December 29

Payment of Members Act assented to. Victoria became the first of the Australian colonies to introduce payments of Members of Parliament.

1871 Monday, January 16

Royal Commission into the conditions and management of the charitable institutions of the Colony, and generally into all matters connected therewith presented its final report to Parliament.

1871 Wednesday, January 25

Dissolution of 6th Victorian Parliament.

1871 Tuesday, February 14

A general election was held in Victoria.

1871 Friday, March 3

A general election was held in Victoria.

1871 Thursday, March 16

A general election was held in Victoria.

1871 Saturday, April 1

Royal Commission on intercolonial legislation and a Court of Appeal presented its final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

1871 Sunday, April 2

Victoria conducted a census which reveals a population of 731,528 (207,000 people lived in Melbourne).

1871 Tuesday, April 25

Opening of 7th Victorian Parliament.

The Hon. Sir Charles MacMahon became Victoria's second Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

1871 Sunday, May 21

Royal Commission on noxious trades, etc. presented its final report to Parliament.

1871 Monday, June 19

Charles Gavan Duffy assumed office as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, Sir James McCulloch, retired from office, having served 437 days.

1871 Tuesday, July 18

Royal Commission on foreign industries and forests established.

1871 Tuesday, August 8

Royal Commission on penal and prison discipline established.

1871 Monday, September 25

Royal Commission on industrial and reformatory schools and the sanitary station established.

1871 Tuesday, November 21

Parliament passes Railways Extension Act; this leads to rapid expansion of Victoria’s rail network.

1871 Thursday, November 23

Parliament passes 'no-liability' mining act by which mining company investors could only lose their original investment. This promotes high-risk speculation.

1871 Saturday, November 25

Victorian Premier William Alexander Watt was born.

1871 Monday, December 18

Lecture delivered by Anthony Trollope at the Town Hall, Melbourne, on behalf of the Caxton Commemoration Fund, 3000 present.

1872 Monday, January 15

John King, surviving member of the leaders of the Burke and Wills Expedition, died of tuberculosis at St Kilda, aged 33.

1872 Friday, February 9

Royal Commission appointed to enquire into the origin of the disease known as diphtheria, the best mode of treatment thereof, etc.

1872 Wednesday, May 15

Royal Commission on foreign industries and forests presented its final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

1872 Saturday, June 1

Royal Commission on foot and mouth disease established. (Exact date uncertain.)

1872 Monday, June 10

James Goodall Francis assumed office as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, Charles Gavan Duffy, retired from office, having served 358 days.

1872 Thursday, June 13

The Royal Mint buildings in William Street, Melbourne were officially opened.

1872 Wednesday, July 3

William Thorne, first Victorian child born to English settlers, passed away aged 68.

1872 Monday, July 8

The first issue of 40,000 sovereigns from the Victorian Mint.

1872 Monday, July 22

Royal Commission into the origin of the disease known as diphtheria, the best mode of treatment thereof, etc. presented its final report to Parliament.

1872 Wednesday, July 24

AG Scott (Captain Starlight) sentenced in Ballarat, Victoria, to 11 years' jail for robbery of Egerton Bank.

1872 Monday, August 12

Royal Commission on penal and prison discipline presented its final report to Parliament.

1872 Friday, August 23

Royal Commission on foot and mouth disease presented its second and final report to Parliament.

1872 Thursday, September 12

The Government passed a Bill providing 'free, compulsory and secular' primary school education in the colony of Victoria. All children in Victoria are now required to attend school.

1872 Wednesday, October 16

A Joint Select Committee tabled a report recommending that the western wing of the building "should be completed in accordance with the [same] style of architecture as the Library".

1872 Tuesday, December 17

The Education Act was passed by the Victorian Government setting up an Education Department and guaranteeing children 'free, secular and compulsory education'.

1873 Sunday, March 2

The Hon. Sir John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton, K.C.B. (subsequently, the Right Honourable Viscount Canterbury, K.C.B.) retired as Governor of Victoria

1873 Friday, April 18

Royal Commission into the state of the Public Service and working of the Civil Service Act presented its final report to Parliament.

1873 Wednesday, July 30

Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G. was sworn in as Governor of Victoria.

1873 Tuesday, November 11

The 'Supervision of Workrooms and Factories Act' was passed by the Victorian Parliament. It provided that no female should work longer than eight hours and directed factory owners to provide a certain standard of cleanliness and warmth.

1873 Tuesday, November 25

Prorogation of Third Session of Seventh Parliament of Victoria.

1873 Monday, December 1

Royal Commission on industrial and reformatory schools and the sanitary station presented its second and final report to Parliament.

1874 Monday, March 9

Dissolution of 7th Victorian Parliament.

A general election was held in Victoria.

1874 Wednesday, March 25

A general election was held in Victoria.

1874 Wednesday, April 22

A general election was held in Victoria.

1874 Tuesday, May 19

Opening of 8th Victorian Parliament.

1874 Friday, July 31

George Briscoe Kerferd assumed office as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, James Goodall Francis, retired from office, having served 782 days.

1875 Monday, February 15

Royal Commission appointed to enquire into the working of the Friendly Societies Statute.

1875 Friday, March 5

Victorian Premier Harry Lawson was born.

1875 Monday, March 8

Royal Commission appointed to consider and report upon the lighting and ventilation of the Legislative Assembly chamber, and the accommodation required for Honourable Members.

1875 Tuesday, April 6

Royal Commission on Volunteer Forces established.

1875 Thursday, June 24

Royal Commission into the lighting and ventilation of the Legislative Assembly chamber and the accommodation required for Honourable Members presented its second and final report to Parliament.

1875 Saturday, August 7

Graham Berry assumed office as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, George Briscoe Kerferd, retired from office, having served 373 days.

1875 Tuesday, September 14

Sir Arthur Lyulph Stanley, 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley, Governor of Victoria 1914-20, was born in London.

1875 Wednesday, October 20

Sir James McCulloch assumed office for his fourth term as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, Graham Berry, retired from office, having served 75 days.

1875 Saturday, December 4

Retired Governor La Trobe died in England at the age of 74.

1876 Friday, January 14

Collingwood in Melbourne was proclaimed a city.

1876 Wednesday, March 22

Royal Commission on Volunteer Forces presented its final report to Parliament.

1876 Thursday, November 2

The Assembly increased its size to 86 members in 55 electoral districts with the passing of the "Electoral Act Amendment Act".

1877 Friday, January 19

Construction of a great hall and vestibule in the Victorian Parliament commenced (it was completed in July 1879). The contract was awarded to George Cornwall and Company, JH Sutherland and James Moore, for a cost of 37,500 pounds.

1877 Thursday, January 25

A royal commission into the Parliamentary buildings (the third in five years) resolved to build a facade, vestibule and hall to the U shaped building. John Kerr was again to design the additions after successfully completing the library in 1861

1877 Friday, January 26

Royal Commission on Parliament Buildings established. The Royal Commission was appointed to superintend the carrying out of recommendations made by a Joint Select Committee for the building of Parliament.

1877 Monday, January 29

A Royal Commission on Victoria's Aborigines was established.

1877 Thursday, March 15

The first cricket Test between Australia and England was played at the MCG in Melbourne between March 15 - 19, with the home side winning by 45 runs.

1877 Saturday, March 31

The Victorian Chamber of Manufacturers was established.

1877 Wednesday, April 25

Dissolution of 8th Victorian Parliament.

1877 Friday, May 4

The Victorian Football Association was formed as the controlling body for Australian Rules Football.

1877 Friday, May 11

A general election was held in Victoria.

1877 Monday, May 21

Graham Berry assumed office for his second term as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, Sir James McCulloch, retired from office, having served 580 days.

1877 Tuesday, May 22

The Opening of the 9th Victorian Parliament was celebrated.

The Hon. Sir Charles Gavan Duffy became Victoria's third Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

1877 Monday, June 25

Royal Commission on public education established - enquiry into the state of public education in Victoria and suggestions as to the best means of improving it.

1877 Monday, July 16

Royal Commission for the Paris Exhibition established.

1877 Wednesday, August 1

Royal Commission into the working of the Friendly Societies Statute presented its second and final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

Royal Commission on the Aborigines presented its final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

1877 Tuesday, November 27

Berry Government (Assembly) proposes payment of members. Legislative Council rejects the bill.

1878 Wednesday, January 2

First telephone service in Australia when a store on Spencer Street, Melbourne, McLean Brothers and Rigg, talks with an office in Elizabeth Street.

1878 Tuesday, January 8

Known as "Black Wednesday", when Premier Graham Berry dismissed public servants, starting with police and judges, in response to the upper house blocking his Appropriations Bill. Berry argued that without an Appropriations Bill they could not be paid.

1878 Thursday, January 31

Royal Commission on public education presented its final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

1878 Wednesday, February 6

Royal Commission on the Echuca Bridge established.

1878 Wednesday, March 20

The Queen Victoria Market was opened.

1878 Monday, April 15

Royal Commission on closed roads established.

1878 Thursday, May 16

Royal Commission on Crown Lands established.

1878 Thursday, September 19

Royal Commission on the Echuca Bridge presented its second and final report to Parliament.

1878 Saturday, October 26

Bushranger Ned Kelly shoots and kills three police officers at Stringybark Creek, Victoria.

1878 Friday, November 1

Berry Government constitutional crisis.

1878 Tuesday, December 10

Ned Kelly gang robs bank at Euroa, Victoria, of 2,000 pounds.

1879 Saturday, February 22

Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G. retired as Governor of Victoria.

1879 Tuesday, April 29

The Most Hon. George Augustus Constantine Phipps, Marquess of Normanby, P.C., G.C.M.G. was sworn in as Governor of Victoria

1879 Tuesday, July 8

The construction of Victorian Parliament's grand vestibule was completed.

1879 Tuesday, August 5

The first game of night football at Melbourne Cricket Ground was played under gas-lights.

1879 Monday, September 1

Royal Commission on Crown Lands presented its final report to Parliament. (Exact date uncertain.)

1879 Thursday, October 9

Royal Commission on closed roads presented its final report to Parliament.

1880 Monday, February 9

Dissolution of 9th Victorian Parliament.

1880 Saturday, February 28

A general election was held in Victoria.

1880 Friday, March 5

James Service assumed office as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, Graham Berry, retired from office, having served 1020 days.

1880 Friday, April 2

Royal Commission on the Constitution of the Supreme Court established.

1880 Tuesday, May 11

The Opening of the 10th Victorian Parliament was celebrated.

The Hon. Sir Charles MacMahon became Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

1880 Sunday, June 27

Ned Kelly and his gang of bushrangers occupy Glenrowan Hotel in Victoria.

1880 Tuesday, June 29

Dissolution of 10th Victorian Parliament.

Australia's most famous bushranger, Ned Kelly, is wounded and captured at Glenrowan, Victoria.

1880 Wednesday, July 14

A general election was held in Victoria.

1880 Thursday, July 22

Opening of 11th Victorian Parliament.

The Hon. Peter Lalor became Victoria's 4th Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

1880 Tuesday, August 3

Graham Berry assumed office for his third term as Premier of Victoria.

Premier of Victoria, James Service, retired from office, having served 152 days.

1880 Tuesday, September 21

Royal Commission on Parliament Buildings presented its third and final report to Parliament. The Royal Commission was appointed to superintend the carrying out of recommendations made by a Joint Select Committee for the building of Parliament.

1880 Tuesday, September 28

Royal Commission on the Constitution of the Supreme Court presented its final report to Parliament.

1880 Thursday, November 11

Bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged at 10 am at the Melbourne Gaol while a large crowd outside mourned his passing. He was just 25 years of age.